Tsuga canadensis (Canadian Hemlock, Eastern Hemlock)


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Tsuga canadensis (Canadian Hemlock, Eastern Hemlock) Seeds

Zones: 3 to 7.

Native to eastern North America.

The Canadian or Eastern Hemlock is native to northeastern North America, thriving in its natural habitat of moist woods, wooded ravines and valleys. It is a is a dense, pyramidal conifer having short, dark green needles with two lines of white stomata underneath, arrayed in flat sprays giving it a graceful form.  Small, egg-shaped, pendant, cones 3/4 inch (2 cm) long are tan-brown. The bark is greyish-brown, scaly and fissured.

It prefers part shade to shade and can therefore be planted where other conifers would not grow.  It likes moist, well-drained soils and is intolerant of drought. It is ideal for shady areas of the landscape, as a lawn specimen or as a screen.

Size: Height 40 to 70 ft; Width 25 to 35 ft.

Germination Instructions

Stratification: Provide about 60  to 120 days cold, moist stratification at 3° C (37° F) to 5° C (41° F).

  1. Soak seeds in water for 24 hours.
  2. Place seeds in sandwich bag(s) with a bit of damp sand or vermiculite to keep moist.
  3. Place the bag(s) with seeds in refrigerator for about 60 to 120 days.
  4. After the required time take the seeds out of the refrigerator and sow the seeds in pots 1/8 inch deep and cover lightly. Water gently so as not to wash away the seeds. Keep soil moist but not wet.