Picea rubens (Red Spruce)


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Picea rubens (Red Spruce) Seeds

Zones: 4 to 7.

Native to eastern North America.

The range of the Red spruce includes eastern Canada, New England and  the Appalachian mountains.  It is a medium sized conifer, that can be planted as a specimen, in group plantings and shelterbelts. The Red spruce has a conical, pagoda-like form. It has four-sided, short, yellowish green needles.  The cones are cylindrical, 1 1⁄4–2 inches (3–5 cm) long,  reddish-brown and hang down from the branches. It does well in the sun and is more shade tolerant than other spruces. It likes moist, well drained soil, but can tolerate a variety of soils.  The Red spruce provides food and cover for small animals and birds.  It is the most long lived of the spruces.

Size: Height 60 to 80 ft; Width 15 to 30 ft.

Germination Instructions

Stratification: Red spruce seeds do not require stratification, but a few weeks can improve germination. Provide about 30 days cold, moist stratification at 3° C (37° F) to 5° C (41° F).

  1. Soak seeds in water for 24 hours.
  2. Place seeds in sandwich bag(s), optionally with a bit of damp sand or vermiculite to keep moist.
  3. Place the bag(s) with seeds in refrigerator for about 30 days.
  4. After the required time take the seeds out of the refrigerator and sow the seeds in pots 1/8 inch deep and cover lightly. Water gently so as not to wash away the seeds. Keep soil moist but not wet.