Acer saccharum (Sugar Maple) Seeds
Zone: 3 to 8.
Native to East and central Canada, U.S.
The much loved and popular Sugar maple is a beautiful shade and ornamental tree that is also grown commercially for its famous maple syrup and its valuable hardwood lumber. Like the Red maple, the Sugar maple is renown for its display of autumn colour that can range from yellow, orange to red. It does well in full sun and tolerates most soils, but prefers deep well draining moist soil.
Size: Height 60 to 75 ft; Width 40 to 50 ft.
Stratification: Seeds require about 90 days cold stratification at 3° C (37° F) to 5° C (41° F).
- First place seeds in a container with warm water and leave them in the water for about 24 hours.
- Next mix some soilless mixture for starting seeds or sand and vermiculite moisten with water and place it in sandwich bag(s). Note: mixture should be moist not soggy. The bag(s) should not be sealed. Poke holes or leave partially open for air.
- Place the seeds inside the mix and refrigerate for about 90 days. Occasionally check to see if seeds are starting to sprout.
- After the required time place the seeds in a sheltered spot in the ground or in pots where they can grow.
- The young saplings can be transplanted to the desired permanent location in the ground after a couple of years when they have grown a few feet.